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Beograd

Beograd, naš glavni grad
“Ko je imao srece da se jutros probudi u Beogradu, može se smatrati da je za danas dovoljno postigao u životu. Svako dalje insistiranje na još necemu, bilo bi neskromno.” Duško Radovic
BEOGRAD je glavni grad Republike Srbije sa 2.2 miliona stanovnika, površine je 322.268 ha sa 10 gradskih i 7 prigradskih opština. Klima je umereno-kontinentalna, zimi je temperatura izmedju -10cC do 5cC, a u letnjim danima izmedju 25cC – 35cC. Košava je karakteristican vetar za Beograd i najveci je precišcivac vazduha grada, duva 2-3 dana i sa sobom donosi vedro i suvo vreme. Beograd leži na dvema rekama, na ušcu Save i Dunava. Kažu za Beograd da je “Grad Otvorenog Srca”.

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Najlepša mesta Beograda kao odlike grada

KALEMEGDAN – najveci i najlepši Beogradski park i nalazi se u strogom centru grada. Pravo iz pešacke zone Knez Mihajlove ulice izlazi se na Kalemegdan. Beogradjanima je predat od Turaka 1867. godine pod tadašnjom vladavinom Kneza Mihajla Obrenovica i od tada je uredjen kao gradski park.

Pored prelepog pogleda, koji se pruža na ušce Save u Dunav sa Beogradske Tvrdjave i spomenika Pobedniku, Kalemegdan ima brojne atrakcije. Vojni muzej, deciji zabavni park, kafe-restoran Kalemegdanska terasa, Zološki vrt, sportske terene koji leti služe i za mnogobrojne koncerte i dešavanja. Na Kalemegdanu su cesto i javne postavke beogradskih umetnika koje umeju da budu jako interesante. Uvece je park romanticno osvetljen za prijatne šetnje, u dvoje ili porodicno.

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ZOO VRT – “Vrt Dobre Nade” je u centru Beograda, nalazi se u donjem delu Kalemegdana a u njegovoj blizini je i deciji zabavni park. Vrt je osnovan 1936. i jedan je od najstarijih u Evropi. Prostire se na 6ha i broji preko 2.000 životinja i oko 200 životinjskih vrsta, divljih i domacih. Dugogodišnji upravnik i direktor Vuk Bojovic je u mnogome zaslužan za savremen i bezbedan izgled vrta. Za 60. rodjendan dobio je statuu majmuna Samija, prve šimpanze koja je došla u Zoo vrt. U Zoo vrtu je i vrtic za prinove – Bebi zoo vrt, posebno interesantan za mališane a i one starije. Svake nedelje se dogodi po neka zanimljivost u Vrtu, te tako je on svakodnevno prisutan u životima beogradjana.

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SKADARLIJA – boemska cetvrt u srcu Beograda (Skadarska ulica). Dužine oko 500 metara, nalazi se u najstrožem centru Beograda ispod Trga Republike i Narodnog pozorišta. Sadašnji naziv dobila je tek 1872. godine. A dotle je bila poznata pod imenom Šican-mala što u prevodu s turskog znaci Ciganska mahala pošto su u njoj od 1830. godine Cigani formirali svoje naselje. Za potrebe turizma Skadarlija, koja je pocela da lici na ostale ulice Beograda, rekonstruisana je da ponovo lici na Skadarliju sa pocetka 20. veka, poplocana kaldrmom. Skadarlija danas jedna je od obaveznih mesta koje posecuju turisti. Zajedno sa književnicima oživljavanju skadarlijskih legendi doprineli su i popularni glumci. Zbog blizine Narodnog pozorišta krajem 19. i pocetkom 20. veka mnogi glumci su tu stanovali. Uz glumce su naravno došli i drugi umetnici, pesnici, pisci, slikari i drugi. Tu su cuvene kafane “Tri šešira”, “Dva jelena”, “Ima dana…”, “Putujuci glumac” , a ima i brojnih popularnih kafica. Postoji i pivnica i tržni centar, a ima se šta pojesti i stojeci kupovinom hrane iz okolnih kioska, cuveni cevapi i pljeskavice u lepinji. Na dnu Skadarlije, jer ulica je blago strma, se nalazi i druga po velicini beogradska pijaca Bajloni.

Skadarlija danju Skadarlija nocu

ADA CIGANLIJA – veštacko Savsko jezero, na samo 4 km od centra grada. Pregradjeno od Savskog rukavca 1967.godine, Beograd dobija jedinstveno jezero koje u letnjim danima ima brojne kupace a u zimskim danima beogradjanima koristi za brojne rekreativne sportove i šetnje. Ceo krug jezera ima oko 8 km. Ada ciganlija ima preko 50 razlicitih sportkih terena na otvorenom, mecu kojima je i golf teren i žicara za skijanje na vodi. Postoje fudbalski teren, teniski, rukometni, odbojkaški i košarkaški tereni, kao i igrališta za bejzbol, ragbi i hokej na travi. Tu su i tereni za odbojku na pesku i akva soker, a od ekstremnih sportova: bandži džamp, veštacka stena i peintbol. Za ribolovce tu je i jezero ada Safari. Jezero je pogodno za plivanje, veslanje, kajak, vaterpolo, skokove u vodu, jedrenje na dasci i druge sportove, pa je na njemu održano više svetskih i domacih prvenstava. Biciklom možete doci do Ade iz svih delova grada jer Beograd ima brojne oznacene biciklisticke staze.

Ada Ciganlija je kulturno-zabavni centar Beograda, posebno u letnjem periodu. Organizuju se brojne manifestacije u kojima ucestvuju najpoznatiji književnici, dramski i estradni umetnici, kulturno-umetnicka društva, horovi, orkestri i amateri iz raznih oblasti. Ugostiteljsku ponudu Ade cini više desetina restorana u rustik-stilu, splav-restorana i kucica na vodi, koji svojim sadržajem cuvaju i neguju boemsku tradiciju Beograda.

Posetiocima Ade Ciganlije stoje na raspolaganju i prodavnice, prostori za piknik, kuglana, mini-golf, kocije sa konjima, turisticki vozic, pedaline i sandoline za vožnju jezerom, kao i eko-brod na elektricni pogon. Takodje, na Adi postoje i brojni klubovi koji u vecernjim satima imaju žive svirke, i u letnjem i u zimskom periodu.

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HRAM SVETOG SAVE – najveci srpski pravoslavni hram i jedan od najvecih pravoslavnih hramova u svetu. Nalazi se na Vracaru, centralnoj beogradskoj opštini. Posvecen je Svetom Savi, osnivacu srpske pravoslavne crkve za cije se mošti smatra da su na spaljene na Vracarskom platou 1595.godine od strane otomanskog cara Sinan Paše. Hram je visok 82m ukupno, od toga je sam krst visok 12m, ima 49 zvona. Hram zauzima istaknuto mesto na beogradskom horizontu. Hram cini jedno od glavnih gradskih obeležja , kao deo savremene živopisne siluete Beograda.

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Belgrade, capital of Serbia

“He who was lucky enough to wake up in Belgrade this morning, may be deemed to be sufficient for today’s achievements in life. Any further insistence on something more, would be immodest.” by Dusko Radovic, Belgrade’s award-winning poet.

BELGRADE is the capital and the biggest city in the Republic of Serbia, with 2.2 million inhabitants, the area is 322,268 hectare’s with 10 urban and 7 suburban municipalities. The climate is temperate-continental, winter temperature is between -10cC to 5cC with summer averaging 25cC – 35cC. Kosava is the characteristic name for the wind that sweeps through Belgrade and it is the largest air cleaner for the city, blowing 2-3 days and bringing clear and dry weather. Belgrade lies on two rivers, the confluence of the Sava and the Danube. Belgrade is also known as “the City of the Opened Heart”.

The most beautiful places as characteristics of Belgrade

KALEMEGDAN – Belgrade’s largest and most beautiful park and it is located in the downtown of the city. The pedestrian zone of Knez Mihailova Street comes straight out to Kalemegdan. The inhabitants of Belgrade were given the forttress back from the Ottoman Empire in 1867th, then under the reign of Serbian Prince Mihajlo Obrenovic and until today, Kalemegdan is arranged as a city park.

In addition to gorgeous views, which provides the confluence of the rivers Sava and Danube from the Belgrade Fortress and the Monument of Victory named “Pobednik” (victor), Kalemegdan has numerous attractions. Landmarks like the Military Museum, children’s amusement park, a cafe-restaurant called “Kalemegdan terace”, the Belgrade zoo, sports fields which are offten used for numerous concerts and events. Kalemegdan is often setup as grounds for public exibitions of Belgrade’s artists. The park is romantically lighted in the evening for a pleasant walk-through.

ZOO – “Garden of Good Hope” is in the center of Belgrade and is located in the lower part of the Kalemegdan fortress and in its vicinity is a children’s amusement park. The garden was established in 1936 and is one of the oldest in Europe. It occupies an area of 6 hectares and has over 2,000 animals and features about 200 different animal species, wild and domestic. Longtime manager and director Vuk Bojovic is largely responsible for the modern look and well-being of the garden. For its 60th birthday, the Zoo got the statue of Sami the monkey, which was the first chimpanzee that came to the Zoo. The Zoo also features a baby zoo, which is especially interesting for children because it holds all of the zoo’s younger animals. Every week the garden holds a different schedule of events which makes it lively and interesting for its visitors.

SKADARLIA – the Bohemian quarter (Skadarska Street), is 500 meters long and is located in the very center of Belgrade under the Republic Square and The National Theater. Its present name was given in 1872. Until that, Skadarlia was known as small-Šican which in translation from Turkish means Gypsy’s quarter, since the gypsys originally established their village there in 1830. For the purposes of tourism, Skadarlija, which began to resemble the other streets of Belgrade, was rebuilt again to feature a cobblestone street like it originally did from the beginning of the 20th century. Skadarlija today is one of the most visited places by tourists. Together with writers and popular actors who contribute, the revival of skadarlian legends is possible. Because the National Theater is close, in the late 19th and early 20th century, many actors have lived there. With the arrival of actors, other artists, poets, writers, and painters followed. Today, there are famous restaurants “Tri sesira“(Three Hats), “Dva jelena”(Two deers), “Ima dana…“(There are days …), “Putujuci glumac“(Traveling actor), the area also features many popular bars. There is a pub-porter house and a small shopping mall and food can be purchased from nearby kiosks, the infamous “cevapi and Pleskavice in lepinja“ which is a Serbian delicacy can also be enjoyed here. Because of the steep slope of the street, the second largest market in Belgrade called Bajloni is located at the bottom of Skadarlija.

ADA CIGANLIA – artificial Sava Lake, just 4 km from the city center. Converted from the estuary of river Sava in 1967. Belgrade receives a unique lake which in summer has a number of swimmers and in the winter days Belgraders use it for numerous sports and recreational walks. The walking track that wraps around the lake is aproximately 8 km in circumference. Ada ciganlija has over 50 different outdoor sports grounds, including the golf course and ski lifts for water skiing. There are football fields, tennis courts, handball, volleyball and basketball courts, and also areas for baseball, rugby and a field hockey arena. There are also facilities for volleyball and aqua soccer. As far as extreme sports go: bungee jumping, artificial rock climbing, and paintball is featured also. For fishermen, there is the Ada Safari. The lake is perfect for swimming, rowing, kayaking, water polo, diving, windsurfing and other sports, and there are national and international championships that are held here yearly.

Ada Ciganlija is the cultural and entertainment center of Belgrade, especially in the summer. There are numerous events organized with the participation of famous writers, drama and pop artists, cultural societies, choirs, orchestras and amateurs from various fields. Gastronomy-Ada holds dozens of restaurants in rustic-style restaurant and raft-houses on the water, whose content features cherished traditions of bohemian Belgrade.

For visitors of Ada there are available picnic areas, bowling, mini-golf, horse-drawn carriages, mini train travel and pedal boats to ride the lake, as well as an eco-ship that runs on electric propulsion. There are also numerous clubs with live orchestras in the evenings, whether summer or winter time.

TEMPLE OF SAINT SAVA – The biggest Orthodox church in the Balkans. Situated on the Vracar, the central Belgrade municipality. It is dedicated to St. Sava, the founder of the Serbian Orthodox Church, whose relics are considered to be burned on the Vracar plateau in the year 1595 by the Ottoman emperor Sinan Pasha. The temple is 82m high in total, of which the main cross itself is 12m high and has 49 bells. The temple occupies a prominent place in Belgrade horizon. The temple is one of the main features of the city, as a part of the colorful silhouette of contemporary Belgrade. As with the Parthenon, it overlooks Belgrade and can almost be seen from any sector of the city.